Aortic aneurysm and Aortic dissection
Angina (chest pain)
Aortic valve stenosis animation
Atrial fibrillation can be occasional (“paroxysmal”) or persistent. It can be asymptomatic or cause symptoms, such as palpitations, chest pain or shortness of breath. Treatment and management includes preventing blood clots, controlling heart rate and restoring a normal heart rhythm. To restore normal heart rhythm medications (“antiarrhythmics”) may be effective but when medication is ineffective other treatments can include
cardioversion (an electrical current used to reset the hearts normal rhythm), ablation therapy (a minimally invasive procedure), or open-heart or minimally-invasive surgery.
What is AF?
Congenital heart disease
Congestive heart failure
Congestive heart failure animation
Coronary artery disease
Coronary artery disease animation
Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
What is a heart attack?
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
5 major effects of high blood pressure
Mitral valve prolapse
What is a heart murmur and how does it relate to valve problems?
What are palpitations
Pericardial effusion is the accumulation of excess fluid around the heart. Pericardial effusion is often related to inflammation of the pericardium, malignancy, or injury, but pericardial effusion can also occur without inflammation. When the volume of fluid exceeds the pericardium’s “full” level, pericardial effusion puts pressure on the heart, causing poor heart function. If left untreated, significant pericardial effusion can cause heart failure or death.
Peripheral arterial disease
What is a pulmonary embolism?
What is pulmonary hypertension
Rheumatic heart disease
Valvular heart disease
These valves have tissue flaps that open and close with each heartbeat. The flaps make sure blood flows in the right direction through your heart’s four chambers and to the rest of your body. Heart valves can have three basic kinds of problems:
• Regurgitation, or backflow, occurs when a valve doesn’t close tightly. Blood leaks back into the heart chamber rather than flowing forward through the heart or into an artery.
• Stenosis occurs when the flaps of a valve thicken, stiffen, or fuse together. This prevents the heart valve from fully opening, and not enough blood flows through the valve.
• Atresia occurs when a valve lacks an opening for blood to pass through.
Many people don’t have signs or symptoms of heart valve disease until they’re middle-aged or older and the disease becomes more severe. The main sign of valvular heart disease is a heart murmur. Other common signs and symptoms are fatigue, chest pain, shortness of breath, and swelling of your ankles, feet, or abdomen. Valvular heart disease can be diagnosed based on symptoms, a physical exam, and the results from tests and procedures.